Zho ston ཞོ་སྟོན་, pronounced ‘shodun’, is a festival celebrated from the end of the sixth and during the seventh month of the Tibetan calendar (August). Monks of the Gelug School དགེ་ལུགས་པ་, the most famous of which is the Dalai Lama in Lhasa, were restricted to their monasteries during the previous month, supposedly to spare the lives of insects at the height of summer and, when the interdiction on movement was lifted, they would be greeted by lay people with gifts of yoghurt (zho ston means ‘yoghurt feast’). The festivities also feature the ‘sunning of Buddha’ tapestries, theatrical performances (a lce lha mo) and picnics at various public parks including Norbu Linka, formerly the summer residence of the Dalai Lamas.
In 1986, I visited Lhasa with Linda Jaivin at the time of Shodun, the celebration of which had only recently been allowed once more by the Chinese authorities. Again, in 2005, I was with the photographer Lois Conner during Shodun. Below we present a selection of Lois’s work from that time, and from other trips Lois has made to Tibet. We gratefully acknowledge the support of Paula Vanzo of the Trace Foundation during our 2005 travels in Tibet and Qinghai.
Places featured in this photographic essay are:
- Barkhor བར་སྐོར།: a narrow, eight-sided mall surrounding Jokhang opening into ‘Barkhor Square’, created under Chinese rule
- Drepung འབྲས་སྤུངས།: literally ‘Rice Heap’, a monastery college (dgon pa དགོན་པ།) of the Gelug School northwest of Lhasa
- Ganden དགའ་ལྡན།: a monastery college east of Lhasa established by the founder of the Gelug School, Tsongkhapa ཙོང་ཁ་པ།
- Jokhang ཇོ་ཁང།; or gTsug lag khang གཙུག་ལག་ཁང། (vihāra विहार): the main temple complex in the centre of Lhasa
- Lukhang; or rdZong rgyab kLu khang རྫོང་རྒྱབ་ཀླུ་ཁང།: ‘Naga Temple behind the Fort’, a park with a lake pavilion behind the Potala
- Norbu Lingka ནོར་བུ་གླིང་ཀ།: ‘Jewel Park’, the Dalai Lama’s traditional summer residence
- Potala ཕོ་བྲང་པོ་ཏ་ལ།: formerly the main residence of the Dalai Lama, a temple complex and the seat of the theocracy
- Samye བསམ་ཡས།: the first monastery in Tibet, south-east of Lhasa
- Sera སེ་ར།: ‘Wild Roses’ Gelugpa monastery college, just north of Lhasa.
In Chinese the Zho ston festival is known variously as 雪頓節、曬佛節 or 藏戲節。
For more work by Lois Conner in China Heritage, see:
— Geremie R. Barmé, China Heritage
10 August 2017